White spots on the head are new formations that indicate the development of a certain disease, which are united under the common name – hypomelanosis. Such rashes can be both acquired and congenital, respectively, and differ in methods of getting rid of them.
In some cases, white spots on the head may be the result of a recently experienced fungal disease (most often ringworm of the scalp in children). In 90% of cases, this phenomenon is observed in children, who most often have microsporia between the ages of 4 and 8 years. The size of the rash varies from 1 to 5 cm, the surface is coarse, scaly and rough to the touch, after touching, peeling of small white flakes similar to flakes can be observed.
As a rule, people greatly disturbed about spots, because their formation is sudden, and the skin on the head begins to itch and peel. At this point, you need to visit a dermatologist, who will be able to diagnose the exact cause and advise the optimal course of treatment, since it can be like ordinary dandruff, which can be eliminated by changing the shampoo or the first signs of psoriasis, which can not be omitted!
One variety of hypomelanosis is albinism. This is a congenital pathology, when it completely or partially disrupts the production of melanin – a special pigment responsible for skin color. Albinism is classified into three forms:
- Partial albinism. White spots are formed individually, hitting the head or other areas of the body. Hair can also be affected, with the result that a person will have a gray strand. These formations are congenital, often they are combined with pink eyes – a manifestation of exclusively partial albinism.
- Incomplete albinism. In this form, the production of melanin is, however, in small quantities. A person with this pathology always looks brighter than the people around them. It is useless to sunbathe, white spots will not disappear.
- Complete albinism. In this case, melanin is not produced in the body at all. White spots on the head and body appear in large quantities and grow to large sizes.
Experts have established that albinism is a consequence of gene disruption. It is transmitted in a recessive manner (from sick parents to a healthy child). There is no treatment, however, for cosmetic purposes, the doctor may advise you to transplant pigment cells from the donor.
This disease is a form of congenital leukoderma, a skin disease in which various rashes appear on the body. One of the possible forms of manifestation – white spots on the head without hair. The disease is hereditary, can manifest as at birth, and in middle age. Among the reasons that can provoke the appearance of spots, the long-term exposure of the skin to ultraviolet rays is particularly notable, since it is they that significantly inhibit the production of melanin and contribute to the activation of the disease.
With this ailment, white spots begin to grow rapidly in size after appearance, capturing more and more skin. The hairline around them becomes discolored, with the result that a large number of gray-haired strands appear. The appearance of the rash corresponds to classical dermatitis: the formations are disproportionate in size, their boundaries are clearly delineated. If white spots like dandruff appear on the head, then the person will begin to be disturbed by severe itching and scabies.
To get rid of white spots, the doctor may prescribe a conservative treatment, the main purpose of which will be to conceal the cosmetic defect. In most cases, for this purpose, skin cells are transplanted with endogenous (developing inside) melanocytes.
Treatment and Prevention
In general, the treatment of any hypomelanosis is getting rid of a cosmetic defect. As mentioned earlier, this happens by transplanting healthy cells. They have a beneficial effect on the skin, as a result of which melanin production begins in the affected area. The spots themselves will gradually begin to become smaller, and in 2-3 weeks they will disappear completely.
As a preventive measure, experts recommend avoiding prolonged contact with direct sunlight, especially for those people who are at risk (to which the disease can be transmitted by heredity).