In most cases, dry spots on the skin have a fungus, less often allergic or infectious. Much will depend on the accompanying symptoms, which can manifest in the form of desquamation, soak, severe itching and pain. More common in people aged 20-45, less often in children. Spots can be localized on any areas of the skin, starting from the face and ending with the groin area. The size, depending on the disease, ranges from a small coin to a large saucer. Dry to the touch, can be observed pendulous flaking in the form of flakes.
Very often, round dry spots appear on the face and chest area after severe stress or recent experiences. They have a pink or red color, accompanied by a slight itch. They are characterized by a sudden appearance and the same disappearance (during the day). In other cases, we are talking about diseases of a different nature:
- Psoriasis. Dermatosis with to the end unexplored etiology, occurring in people of all ages. It has a hereditary nature. Characteristic differences are the appearance of dry flaky spots on the skin, not accompanied by any subjective sensations. At the initial stage, the size of the plaques does not exceed 1-2 cm. The surface is rough to the touch, when pressed, there is exfoliation of the epidermis, which resembles flakes. As the process progresses, their number and size may increase significantly. Common localization sites are the scalp, elbows, knees, lower leg, back, less commonly the abdomen and groin area. Exacerbations of psoriasis are observed after severe stress or long experiences.
- Contact dermatitis. An allergic reaction at the initial stage can appear as dry spots on the skin of red or pink color. The average size of the rash is not more than a coin. There is a subjective sensation in the form of an itch of varying intensity and concomitant symptoms in the form of puffiness, redness, blisters, blisters and small red dots that appear over the course of the process. It can appear on any part of the skin in contact with the allergen. Allergic reactions in the groin and genitals are the hardest.
- Multicolor versicolor. A common fungal infection of the skin, which manifests itself in the form of dry spots of various colors. Most often, the color lichen can be identified by brown spots on the body, less often it takes a pink or solid color. Not accompanied by any subjective feelings (in most cases). The size of the plaques is 1-2 cm, rarely larger. The number of rashes in some cases can reach 7-10 pieces. Most often localized on the neck, chest, back and abdomen. As the process progresses, it may spread to the groin area. A sharp decrease in immunity (usually in pregnancy is for girls), hypothermia, or a recent viral disease can provoke an exacerbation.
- Pink lichen. Another dermatosis with a controversial etiology, which can not reliably indicate the cause of its occurrence. Some experts argue – pink versicolor is a “sensor” of reduced immunity. There is also a link with the seasons – 80% of exacerbations occur in spring and autumn. It usually appears as one or several round dry spots on the skin of pink or light red color. Localization – face, neck, chest, abdomen, back, less often groin and legs. Peeling of lesions is often observed, in isolated cases there is a slight itch.
- Eczema. A very common chronic skin disease, characterized by acute onset, prolonged course and seasonal exacerbations. Eczema only at the initial stage can appear as dry spots on the body, with the course of the process, vesicles, blisters, weeping, crusts and scales are almost always added. Treats diseases of the nervous and allergic nature. It has many forms, which is characterized by its own symptoms and localization of lesions. Each form combines severe itching of the skin in the area of lesions.
Less often, dry spots on the skin appear as a result of diseases of internal organs, namely problems with the gastrointestinal tract and the digestive system. At risk are men and women after the age of 50 years.
Photo of Dry Spots on Skin
Diagnosis and Treatmen
According to statistics, dry spots on human skin in 30% of cases appear after severe stress and spontaneously disappear within a few hours / days. Along with their appearance may be a slight itch. The most common places of localization are open areas of the body (face, neck, chest).
If the rash lasts more than 2-3 days, it is recommended not to delay with a visit to a dermatologist. Even if you have pink lichen, which passes on its own (in 90% of cases) within 4-6 weeks, after diagnosis you will be calm and rule out serious diseases. The same recommendations with pityriasis versicolor. Only here it is better not to hope for an independent cure and to undergo an appropriate course of treatment, which usually includes the following drugs:
- Clotrimazole in visible ointment (topically 2 times a day for 7-10 days);
- Boric alcohol (wiping lesions 2 times a day for 10 days);
- Nizoral in the form of shampoo;
- Shampoo dermazol;
- Sebosol in the form of a shampoo;
- Fluconazole in the form of capsules (appointed much less frequently in advanced cases).
Also, in case of lichen color, in consultation with a doctor, 5-7 tanning sessions can be prescribed, which will relieve pigmentation, which remains at the site of lesions.
Treatment of psoriasis and eczema should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor who selects not only drugs, but also adjusts the patient’s diet and lifestyle. Salt baths on the basis of the dead sea and visits to seaside resorts 2-3 times a year (especially during the exacerbation period) have proven excellent here. The physician should also inform that today’s psoriasis is an incurable disease, so that the patient does not “fall for” the tricks of pharmacists who allegedly argue their cream and ointment once and for all can relieve the illness.