The causes of rough skin on the legs are varied. This can be as a result of external factors (lack of hygiene, lack of proper care, excessive load on the feet, etc.), and the result of internal pathologies. The most commonly diagnosed fungal diseases and contact allergic dermatitis. Men at the age of 25-45 suffer more. All possible causes of dry dermis on the feet are discussed below.
The Main Causes and Description of Common Diseases
|Shoes||Constant wearing of uncomfortable shoes (high-heeled, cramped, made of non-natural materials) is one of the most common reasons for which hardened skin appears on the feet.Metabolic processes in the tissues are disturbed, nutrients in the right amount stop flowing to the cells, the dermis dries out and coarsens.|
|Lack of care||The skin of the feet, like any other part of the body, needs daily care, which includes not only hygiene, but also cleansing with scrubs, baths with medicinal plants, and nourishing creams. In the absence of care, coarse skin on the feet, cracks and corns appear, and therefore there is a risk of being infected with fungus and other infectious diseases.|
|Dryness of skin||This condition of the dermis is inherited. With proper care, skin roughness can be avoided. But, in the absence of nutrition, the skin begins to dry. It aggravates the process and wearing unsuitable shoes.|
|Walking without shoes||Walking barefoot is useful in itself, but when performing it on a hard and uneven surface, it is imperative that you take care of the skin of your legs after a workout.|
|Psoriasis||One of the skin diseases that is characterized by: swelling of the legs; itching; arthritis; papular rash; dry skin with cracking; the appearance of bright red areas at the site of injury; feeling of neuralgia when walking; disorders in the tissues and nails al.|
|Fungus||Foot mycosis is one of the most common skin diseases. The causes of the disease are:poor hygiene;long stay in the water;constant wearing tight and closed shoes;high temperatures in the locations of the patient.|
|Athlete’s foot||One of the types of fungal infections is characterized by:itching and burning;strong peeling;redness of the feet;the appearance of ulcers, vesicles, cracks and blisters.|
|Allergy||n appearance, the atopic reaction on the feet resembles a fungus, but, in addition to dry and cracked skin with blistering formations, it can be observed:itching;edema;dry skin;burning;redness;violation of the chair;rash on palms;temperature, etc.|
|Diabetes||Poor circulation and nerve damage lead to poor wound healing and loss of sensation. Any cracks in the skin of the feet go into ulcers. The patient may not even immediately notice the pathological process (dulling of nerve endings). Often the disease is accompanied by an infection, which can lead to amputation of the limbs.|
|Obesity||With impaired metabolism, the skin on the feet has hardened – a common phenomenon.|
|Vitamin and mineral deficiencies (fasting or dieting)||Nutrition of skin cells is not enough, so it dries, cracks appear. If there is no additional care (or, on the contrary, traumatic exfoliation of the cornified layer of the dermis occurs), then the area of the coarse derma becomes even more thickened.|
|Worms||The skin on the feet has coarsened – a consequence of the lack of vitamins A, E and B in the body due to the presence of worms. Other symptoms of the disease:violation of the gastrointestinal tract;migraine;weakness and chronic fatigue;appetite disturbance;joint pain;insomnia;manifestations of skin allergies in people prone to atopic reactions.|
|Gastrointestinal disorders||Any such pathology is reflected in the appearance of a person. The condition of hair, skin and nails worsens. Dry dermis on the legs – a lack of nutrients in the body of the patient due to illness.|
Preventive measures to maintain healthy foot skin:
- wearing comfortable shoes (alternate shoes with and without heels, give up uneven insoles and shoes made of materials that do not allow air);
- the use of nourishing foot cream every night before going to bed, enhancing the effectiveness of the product with cotton socks;
- immunity enhancement with vitamin complexes;
- derma treatment with scrubs 2 times a week;
- do not use a razor to trim the horny skin;
- do not wear someone else’s shoes.
Treatment of hardened skin on the legs is indicated only for fungal lesions and psoriasis. For this purpose, antifungal and antihistamines are used, which are selected by the attending physician, based on the clinical picture and the pathogen. An allergic reaction takes place after the exclusion of irritants. Bepanthen and Panthenol are shown to relieve symptoms.