Groin athlete’s disease is a fungal infection of large skin folds. Externally, it appears as scaly light pink spots with a smooth center and multiple pustules and vesicles along the periphery. The most common site of localization is the inguinal folds and the area around them.
Causes of Appearance
The disease, as a rule, affects men, but can also occur in women. Men’s inguinal athlete can be caused by the penetration of three types of fungi into the skin, namely Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum. Infection is accomplished through a household contact, i.e. through bed linen or towels and as a result of non-compliance with the rules of hygiene when visiting the pool, bath, etc.
The main factors contributing to the development of a fungal infection are elevated environmental temperatures, humidity, excessive sweating in the groin area and various skin lesions in this area (for example, minor scratches or abrasions, as well as maceration). In addition, inguinal athlete often appears in people with obesity, who neglect the hygienic skin care of large folds.
The First Signs of Athlete’s Groin
For the beginning of the pathological process is characterized by the appearance of small (less than 1 cm) itchy pink spots. They have the correct rounded shape and slightly flaky surface. Over time, spots begin to increase in diameter. Their size may increase to 10 cm.
The edges of such lesions are clearly defined and differ from healthy skin by the presence of multiple vesicles and pustules. The center of the spot is usually not so different from normal skin, which is why the centers of the inguinal athlete’s appearance resemble rings. the main symptom will be severe itching and soreness when walking.
The disease can affect not only the inguinal folds, but also the skin around the thighs, as well as the folds of the axillary region and between the buttocks. The inguinal athlete in women often spreads to the area under the mammary glands, and in men it affects the skin of the scrotum. In rare cases, the process can spread to the skin around the anus.
The lack of proper treatment can lead to the fact that the disease will last for several years, while the nature of the inflammatory reaction, the alternation of periods of recovery and the return of the disease will depend on the type of fungus. When making a diagnosis, great attention will be paid to the nature and localization of lesions in order to exclude rubromycosis in the groin, early-stage syphilis, and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Photos of Athlete’s Groin
Treatment and Prevention
Groin athlete’s disease is well treated with both traditional and traditional medicine. A very effective tool are lotions from 1% resorcinol solution and 0.25% silver nitrate solution. Antifungal medications such as Lamisil, Clotrimazole or Mykoseptin also help to quickly get rid of stains. Topical treatment with these agents should be carried out for at least 4 weeks and should not be stopped even if the symptoms disappear. After this place healed spots should be treated with iodine or fukartsinom.
Together with the use of antifungal drugs it is also recommended to take antihistamines (Tavegil, Suprastin or Zyrtec). They will relieve itching and eliminate discomfort in the area of foci during movement. Among the means of traditional medicine, a positive effect will have a bath with an infusion of the following medicinal plants: celandine, oak bark, chamomile and succession. They have anti-inflammatory and drying effect.
For the prevention of this disease, it is necessary to regularly carry out hygiene of the whole body, observe basic hygienic rules and carry out the fight against hyperhidrosis – a violation of perspiration.