Multiplexus versicolor is a fungal skin disease that occurs in a person regardless of gender (most often, in adult men) and age. Most often diagnosed in age from 7 to 50 years. The appearance of dark spots of different sizes throughout the body is characteristic. Contagiousness is negligible, and cases where the multiplexus versicolor was transmitted from person to person are very rare. Fungus pathogen can only live on human skin, so it is impossible to get infected from everyday objects or a pet. Characterized by a long course, in some cases lasting for years.
A single dermatologist will not name the specific reason for the appearance in humans of multi-colored lichen today. But, it is proved that one of the main reasons for the appearance of this type of fungus can be a sharp decrease in immunity. In many patients, the first rash or relapse occurs in the cold season. Often you can meet as a concomitant disease with:
- Chronic lung disease.
Persons suffering from hyperhidrosis are at risk and they are diagnosed with chromophytosis in every second case.
The First Signs of Multi-Colored Lichen
To cut the chinex (as they call it), itching and soreness are not characteristic. The incubation period can last from 2 weeks to several months. The main symptoms are considered to be:
- the appearance of light brown spots on skin;
- the appearance of red spots on skin;
- appearance of white spots;
- appearance of yellowish spots.
Hence the name of the disease – multi-colored, as in each individual case, the color of the spots will be different. As for the size and location of the rash, they can most often be found on the back, chest, neck and arms, in rare cases on the hips and scalp. The size at the initial stage can vary from a pinhead to 1 cm in diameter. In most cases, the spots merge with each other to form one large hearth with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm.
Experts drew attention to the fact that every second patient, who is diagnosed with lichen color, has problems with perspiration.
How to Distinguish It from Other Lichens?
Very often, pityriasis versicolor is confused with pink (the main difference is the absence of a “maternal plaque”, with CT, the spots are randomly located all over the body), syphilitic roseola and lymphogranuloma. It’s all about the same symptoms – very often the spots with a multi-colored lichen are pink. Diagnosis should be carried out by a specialist based on the clinical picture.
Very often, they also take a sample of Balzer, during which the affected and healthy areas of the skin are lubricated with 5% iodine tincture. In the case of detection of fungi of the genus Pityrosporum, the skin in the areas of lesion will be painted more intensely than in healthy areas.
With color lichen, subjective sensations are almost always absent in the lesions. Only in some cases, after washing, slight flaking of scales may be observed.
In some cases, they may resort to inspecting spots under the Wood’s lamp (a yellowish tint of the spots confirms it) and carrying out a microscopic examination (take scrapings of scales in the places of localization of lesions). This allows you to eliminate secondary syphilis, which is characterized by yellow-brown rash in the abdomen and chest.
Photo of Multiplexus Versicolor
How to Treat Color Lichen?
In the case of timely treatment to the doctor, there is a high probability of complete recovery within 1-2 weeks. But even this does not stop many patients who treat lichen in a person at home and refuse to visit a specialist. Most often, the following preparations are present in dermatological recipes:
The most optimal is the combination of clotrimazole and Nizoral shampoo. The alcohol-containing solution wipes the lesion, then a cream is applied to it. The shampoo is used for washing the head and applying on the spots, as the spores of the fungus are found in the hair follicles.
Folk Remedies for the Treatment of Chirimatitis
Very often you can hear the stories of people who were not helped by modern drugs, and they had to turn to traditional medicine. A lot of books have already been written about how to treat versicolor with folk remedies, but in the case of the oviform appearance of this fungal disease, everything is not so simple.
According to reviews of patients in the early stages, you can get rid of multi-colored lichen using:
- Salicylic alcohol – daily wipe for 3-5 days;
- Calendula decoction – wipe the skin with a freshly prepared solution for 4-5 days;
- Apple cider vinegar – preferably homemade, also rubbing infected skin on the skin for a week;
- Celandine – not clean, because you can burn the skin and make it worse. Celandine juice is added to distilled water in a ratio of 1 to 10.
There are a lot of recipes based on propolis and common herbs that help get rid of light brown spots with multi-colored lichen. If you have your own experience of treatment or you want to share your unique recipes with others – leave your recommendations in the comments.