Thrush is a disease caused by Candida microscopic fungi. The problem of this infection while waiting for a child can darken the joy of future motherhood. Treatment of thrush in pregnant women is hampered by unstable hormones and bans on the use of many effective medicines. Antifungal and antibacterial drugs affect not only pathogenic microflora, but also beneficial. The death of lactic acid bacteria disrupts digestion and absorption in the intestine.
Treatment of Candidiasis During Pregnancy
Drugs for treating yeast infections are clinically tested, but usually pregnant women do not participate in such studies. Manufacturers indicate in the instructions that the effect of the drug on the course of pregnancy and the condition of the fetus is not well understood. The attending physicians, gynecologists, decide on the use of a particular means based on a comparison of benefits and harms. That is, the first should be more tangible and significant compared to the second.
Modern pharmacology offers a sufficient choice of drugs that provide treatment for thrush in pregnant women, are used against the fungus Candida in breastfeeding women. However, the most powerful drugs are not prescribed, because they cause harm to the fetus and are contraindicated in infants.
If the thrush is diagnosed at an early stage, the disease can be cured in 5-7 days.
Popular, most frequently used and effective remedy for treating thrush in women is fluconazole (oral capsules, Diflucan, Flucostat, and others). With candidiasis in pregnant women and nursing mothers, fluconazole is practically not prescribed. Treatment of thrush in pregnant women in the first trimester and at a later date is carried out mainly locally. The doctor selects creams and suppositories that do not have serious negative effects.
Suitable for eliminating the symptoms of thrush in pregnant women in the first trimester:
- Candles or vaginal tablets Natamycin;
- Virginal vaginal capsules;
- Betadine ointment and suppositories;
- Pimafucin suppositories;
- Candles Echofusion.
The treatment regimens listed drugs almost identical. One candle or vaginal tablet is used once for the night. Therapeutic course – 6 or 7 days. The ointment is applied on a cotton swab and injected into the vagina. The procedure is recommended in the evening or at night.
The benefits of such therapy are important for subsequent periods of carrying a child. Treatment of thrush in pregnant women in the second trimester is also carried out with the help of vaginal suppositories and capsules for insertion into the vagina (a list of funds is given above). It is very important to take care of the restoration of the microflora of the urogenital sphere and intestines, to take pre- and probiotics.
Treatment of Chronic Candidiasis in Pregnant Women
Low risk of side effects, minor harm to the child – the main criteria when choosing a drug for the future mother and breastfeeding women. However, the ongoing hormonal and metabolic changes in the body does not contribute to getting rid of thrush. Probable relapse, the transition of the disease into a chronic form.
Treatment of thrush in pregnant women in the third trimester with local antifungal agents does not cause significant damage to the unborn child. Organs and organ systems are almost formed, less teratogenic effects of various substances.
Doctors may prescribe in the third trimester of pregnancy more effective and potent medicines for thrush, such as Livarol suppositories.
Suppositories contain the antifungal substance ketoconazole. The drug is slightly adsorbed upon intravaginal use. Treatment of thrush in pregnant women with Livarol is allowed in the acute and chronic form of mycosis. The manufacturer recommends using the drug with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding due to insufficient knowledge of the effect of the active substance on the fetus and the body of the infant. Treatment of acute candidiasis takes about 5 days, the chronic form – 10 days.
Phytotherapy is used during pregnancy to improve body functions and strengthen local immunity. Conduct douching infusions and decoctions of leaves and flowers. Suitable for anti-thrush women grass oregano, universal healers chamomile, celandine, calendula, St. John’s wort. The infusion is prepared in the standard way, at the rate of 4 tablespoons of dried raw materials per two cups of boiling water. Infusion spend at least 40 minutes, then filter.
Herbs are used both individually and in collections (mixtures). A sage-raspberry leaf blends well. Another option for douching is baskets of chamomile, oak bark, nettle root, lavender grass. Each component of the mixtures is dozens of phytochemical compounds, among which there are many substances with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.