Itching and scabies that arise for one reason or another on the human body, can deliver a lot of inconvenience. They are especially unpleasant when the cause of their appearance is unknown. This is how one can characterize red spots on the head, which can occur depending on a variety of factors and cause serious discomfort.
In most cases, these rashes can be the result of an allergic reaction of the body to a particular irritant, but various diseases should not be ruled out. In order to get rid of stains and associated unpleasant sensations as soon as possible, it is necessary to correctly diagnose the cause, which would allow you to choose the optimal course of treatment.
As mentioned above – an allergic reaction. So the body responds to the impact on it of a variety of factors:
- household and cosmetic components;
- pet hair;
- pollen of certain plant species.
Along with this, red spots on the head under the hair can form if a person lays too long in the sun. In this case, an excess of UV light adversely affects the skin, initiating negative processes in it. However, this can be easily avoided if you wear a panama or a cap, and also hide in the shadows.
Congenital defects of the skin deserve special mention. Red spots can be a peculiar manifestation of the birthmark, and it is not worth alarming if there is no itching or scabies.
Among the diseases for which such formations appear are:
- psoriasis – non-infectious type of dermatosis, which affects the upper layer of the skin;
- seborrhea – a disease in which the endocrine and nervous regulation is disturbed, accompanied by increased sweating;
- pityriasis versicolor – a fungal infection that penetrates deep into the skin;
- dermatophytosis is a highly contagious infection caused by fungal spores.
If a child has red spots and scaly on the head, then the list of possible causes may include:
- allergic reaction;
- viral infection;
- bites of various insects.
Typically, these lesions are numerous, rarely meet individual education. At the initial stage, they are painted in a light pink color, which begins to darken day by day. In the case of a running form spots can take a bright red color, and they are accompanied by almost no stops itching.
The size of the rash varies from small (0.1-0.5 mm) to large (1-7 cm). At the same time, their boundaries are clearly delineated, and on the affected area the hair stops growing.
A patient, trying to get rid of unpleasant sensations, can comb his head to blood, which will seriously aggravate his condition, therefore, red spots on his head should not be irritated in this way.
The course of treatment is assigned to each patient individually, taking into account the reasons for which there were red spots on the head under the hair, as well as the degree of neglect. If the formation appeared as a result of allergy, then special antihistamines are prescribed. Along with this, an allergen is detected and contact with it is limited.
If seborrhea has been diagnosed, then a vitamin complex, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics are prescribed. As an additional and effective means can be shown the use of shampoo with selenium sulfide or ketoconazole (sold in pharmacies). Also, the patient must follow a diet that provides for the exclusion of fatty, spicy and sweet foods.
To get rid of psoriasis, various ointments and creams are prescribed that contain glucocorticosteroids. If the disease is started, the specialist may recommend the following procedures:
- laser destruction;
Cryotherapy is considered the most effective way, since it removes the maximum of the affected cells and the minimum of healthy ones.
When choosing a method of treatment, it should be borne in mind that only a specialist familiar with diagnostic methods and able to clearly differentiate one disease from another can appoint the most optimal course.