Every second person at least once in their life has gotten skin on their feet peeled off, but if this process becomes regular and additional symptoms are added to it, then it’s time to talk about fungal diseases, which in 60% become the cause of this phenomenon. Unfortunately, many fall short of the moment when it is painful to walk and only then seek help from a doctor. This explains the annual increase in the number of patients suffering from advanced foot mycosis, which is very difficult to treat. This is especially true in cases where, except for peeling, cracks appear on the feet – an open gate for penetration of infection. However, there are a number of other reasons, due to which skin on the feet is covered, but they are much less common than fungal infections.
Provocative Factors and Possible Diseases
In the summer, the skin on the feet will peel off due to excessive drying. There is nothing to worry about, especially if you have dry skin. The main time to process the foot moisturizers and prevent cracks. If peeling, itching, peeling skin and cracks on the feet are observed for a long time, then there is a high probability of development:
- Contact dermatitis. On feet, it may be caused by wearing synthetic tights and socks. Also, an allergen can be shoes from low-quality materials that are worn on bare feet. A distinctive feature – peeling on the sole, bubbles with a clear liquid and peeling skin at the points of contact with the allergen.
- Hyperhidrosis. The main symptom of this disease is excessive sweating, which can lead to the fact that over time the skin begins to peel off on the feet, heels and soles. Here the reason may lie in the chemical composition of the patient’s sweat, and endocrine diseases.
- Athlete’s Foot. At the initial stage, it appears as a harmless peeling and cracks between the toes, to which, over time, severe itching and unpleasant odor are added. In advanced forms (dyshidrotic and intertriginous), the entire foot can be severely affected, to the extent that the skin peels off and it is impossible to step on the leg. Infection most often occurs after visiting public showers, baths and pools. Epidermolysis of feet are most often diagnosed in employees of hot shops, professional athletes, military and miners. Interestingly, city dwellers are more likely to experience this disease than people in rural areas. For chronic and prolonged, exacerbations (duration 1-2 months) are observed in the spring and summer periods.
- Rubrofitia feet. Another fungal disease, which is characterized by the defeat of the feet, not only in the form of peeling, soak and scales, but also peeled off skin in particularly advanced cases. It is considered the most common type of mycosis of the feet, which is diagnosed in 70% of cases of visits to the doctor with problems on the feet. This prevalence is easily explained by the strong contagiousness of the anthropophilic fungus of the pathogen, which can be infected through a towel, slippers, socks, and even a handshake. The initial stage is characterized by lesions of the interdigital spaces, then the process is spread over the sole and the inner side of the foot. In addition to the peeling of pebbles, weeping, burning, severe itching and unpleasant smell in the area of lesions can be observed. In advanced cases, the fingers and nail plates are affected (sometimes the process begins with them, but not as often as in the case of interdigital spaces). The characteristic difference is the yellowing of the nails on all toes at once.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, lack of vitamins and unhealthy diet can also cause skin on the feet, cracks on the heels and peeling on the soles of the feet. Very often, this symptom is observed in people with diabetes and having liver problems.
Even the wrong shoes can cause serious foot problems. There are people who absolutely contraindicated shoes made of synthetics and leatherette, as in someone’s legs “do not breathe,” which leads to a violation of the integrity of the epidermis in the form of hyperkeratosis.
Treatment and Preventive Measures
If you are the owner of a dry type of skin that regularly grows in the summer, you should take a closer look at choosing the right moisturizer, comfortable shoes made from natural materials and minimizing the impact on the feet hard and chlorinated water. If you notice that you also have scaling, itching and unpleasant smell on any part of the foot, it is recommended to make an appointment with a dermatologist to exclude fungal infections and allergic reactions. There are a lot of recipes that allow to treat foot fungus at home, but before taking any measures, it is necessary to establish the nature of the pathogen fungus. To do this without microscopic examination is not possible.
Photo of Peeled of Skin on Feet
In cases of diagnosis of athlete’s foot, remedial measures will depend on the form and stage of the disease. During exacerbations, not only fungicides and disinfectants are prescribed, but also angistamines, corticosteroids and vitamins B1 and B6 in injections. After the removal of the inflammatory process, treatment continues with peeling and fungicidal agents:
- 3% sulfur-tar ointment;
- 5% salicylic tar paste;
- Zincundan ointment;
- ointment Undetsin.
The appointment of antibiotics is highly undesirable, since they can cause exacerbation of athlete’s disease.
Foot ruprofitia is also treated with keratolic and fungicidal ointments, in severe cases, it can be administered antibiotic griseofulvin inside. The most common prescription dermatologists against rubromycosis of the feet found the following drugs:
- Griseofulvin inside on 4-6 tablets within 2 weeks;
- 10% sulfur ointment;
- 3% tar ointment;
- Wilkinson’s ointment;
It is also important to remember that if even small clinical manifestations of mycosis are detected, you should immediately seek help from a dermatologist, since the erased form of rubromycosis or athlete’s skin can be cured very quickly, and in cases of lesions of interdigital spaces, soles and nails, treatment can be delayed for many years.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to completely abandon the use of leatherette shoes, synthetic and rubber. When visiting the bath, sauna and swimming pool, use only your own towel, washcloth, pumice stone and slippers. At the time of strong drying of the skin in summer or spring, baths based on sea salt, hydrogen peroxide and a light solution of potassium permanganate can be used.