In childhood and adolescence in 99% of cases we have no problems with skin diseases. Statistics show that this danger lurks us after the onset of a more mature age. We begin to notice that the skin on the heels dries and cracks, sensitivity disappears and a feeling of discomfort appears. Write off reasons only on age criteria is also not worth it, such symptoms can cause diseases associated with internal organs, or fungal infections.
Causes of Dry Skin and Cracking
Studies conducted by scientific medical institutions have identified possible causes of the appearance of such skin defects:
- Age-related changes in the structure of the skin on the heels;
- The use of uncomfortable shoes and socks (stockings) with a high content of synthetic components;
- Failure to follow the usual foot care hygiene for a long time;
- Violation of metabolic processes in the body;
- Fungus and other skin infections.
For some reasons, it is worth focusing on and describing them in more detail.
Foot Fungus as the Main Cause of Heel Problems
Fungal diseases not only cause a lot of trouble for people who have been infected, they are also difficult to treat. There may be pain while walking, the skin on the heels dries and cracks, the nail plates exfoliate. At the initial stage, the interdigital spaces are most often affected, and only then the lesions are spread to the heels and ankle. In most cases, the symptoms are complicated:
- severe itching;
- rough skin on the feet;
Only after thorough laboratory studies, the dermatologist can determine the type of fungus-pathogen and prescribe the use of appropriate drugs, he will determine the duration of the course of treatment and the dosage of the drug.
Treatment of mycosis of the feet requires the patient to comply with all the rules that imply the dosage, the duration of the medication and the strengthening of personal hygiene. Even after full recovery, it is recommended to refuse to visit public showers and places where there is high humidity (swimming pools, baths, saunas, etc.).
In the future, to protect yourself from such diseases, use in public places only your things. In baths, saunas, in the shower should have their own slates or rubber slippers, individual towels and hygiene products.
Influence of Diseases on the Feet
Diabetes is considered today a disease of the century, with every year on the planet a growing number of people suffering from this terrible disease. The destructive process affects many organs of the human body, the skin does not stand aside, this also applies to the legs, with diabetes, the skin on the heels and across the entire foot dries and cracks.
It is impossible to get rid of this phenomenon, the disease is incurable, but it is possible to stop the destructive process by strictly following the instructions of specialists. It helps in such situation:
- Special diet, contributing to the restoration of metabolism;
- Drug treatment prescribed by the therapist;
- Anesthetic, moisturizing and skin softening gels and ointments.
- The use of some popular methods that relieve pain and heal wounds.
It is not recommended to resort to the services of traditional medicine, especially without consulting a doctor, since any accession of an infection in diabetes can cost the patient not only loss of a limb, but also life.
Prevention and Hygiene
Young boys and girls who are not accustomed to observe personal hygiene from an early age often encounter such a problem – their legs began to smell unpleasantly, the skin on their heels dries and cracks, their nails have lost their beautiful shape. Here you need to blame the parents who did not explain to the child the rules of care for the feet, and one more explanation is just too lazy.
The advice in such cases is one – wash your feet more often, even if you accidentally pick up a fungus, you remove it with simple soap and water, but if you stay on the skin for a long time, it will multiply, affecting the skin centimeter by centimeter, and you will end up with skin disease, from which you can not get rid of a long time.
One of the factors for the protection of your body is prevention, the other is the implementation of hygienic foot care, for these purposes you can apply the following methods:
- Daily before bedtime, rinse your feet with warm water and soap;
- Once a week, carry out a complete cleansing of the foot from the hardened tissues, pre-use hot baths, cleanse the skin with the help of special devices (pumice, brushes and sponges), then apply a softening and moisturizing gel or cream;
- To make internal disinfection of footwear every day;
- Use comfortable shoes and natural, without synthetics, socks (stockings, pantyhose).
By performing these simple actions, you will not experience discomfort and protect yourself from serious diseases. But most importantly, in any case, do not ignore the first symptoms of fungal lesions and at the first suspicions go to an appointment with a dermatologist.