Unpleasant white plaque on the soft tissues of the mouth, especially accompanied by pain, redness and inflammation – a clear sign of candidal stomatitis. The disease can affect people of any age. In infants, the illness often goes unnoticed, which leads to a number of adverse effects for the whole organism.
The lesion of the mouth area is caused by the fungus Candida, its many varieties. Usually they peacefully exist in our body without harming us or causing inconvenience. But it is necessary to weaken the immune system or change the microflora, as mycosis begins to spread on the mucous membranes throughout the body. The disease is called “thrush”, because plaque and discharge have a characteristic look, resembling cottage cheese. Manifested in the nose, mouth, vagina in women.
Why Is the Fungus Activated?
The list of possible causes of mucosal lesions is quite large:
- Diabetes. In this disease, the immune system “fails”, which creates a favorable environment for the reproduction of bacteria.
- In infants, candidal stomatitis may appear due to the imperfection of the body’s defense system. Often the disease is transmitted during childbirth from an infected mother. Therefore, it is important even in the early stages of pregnancy to cure all possible diseases – so, passing through the birth canal, the baby does not become infected.
- In older people, hormonal changes take place. This period is fraught with the appearance of a large number of diseases. Areas of mycosis, i.e. fungal diseases become vulnerable.
- Often infected are wounds resulting from injuries of the oral cavity (burns, punctures of solid food, abrasions from poorly attached crowns).
- Taking antibiotics / steroid medications provokes the formation of a sterile environment in which the protective functions of the body are no longer as strong. The fungus can multiply unchecked – the immune system does not notice it immediately.
- Poor hygiene and poor quality dentures. The appearance and reproduction of bacteria in this case is understandable and logical.
- Allergic reactions reduce immunity and change the microflora on mucous membranes.
- HIV cancels the immune system and cannot withstand infections.
Additional reasons include smoking, stressful situations, addiction to alcohol, drugs, vitamin deficiency. With such phenomena, the immunity is significantly reduced, which leads to the disease.
Symptoms of candidal stomatitis in adults are easily recognized:
- The appearance of white, grayish or yellowish plaque on the palate, gums, inner side of the cheeks, tongue;
- Loss of sensation in the affected area;
- Change in taste;
- Food causes an unpleasant aftertaste, there is a metal sensation in the mouth;
- When removing the plaque bleeding begins;
- There is a burning sensation in the mouth, dryness;
- The affected area is sore, inflamed, red.
Candida stomatitis in children can go unnoticed for a long time, which leads to a transition to the chronic form. The appearance of white spots is easily confused with milk residues in the sky, so parents do not attach importance to this phenomenon. Call a doctor if:
- The baby cries a lot (soreness of the affected area);
- Weight is lost;
- It is difficult for a child to swallow milk, so he eats little, does not sleep well.
- White or grayish plaques may appear on the palate and over the entire mouth.
- The fungus can get into the stomach, causing indigestion, poor stools.
If the disease is not treated, it can lead to such unpleasant consequences as infection of the esophagus and intestines, dyspepsia, and inflammation in the larynx. The chronic form of mycosis will periodically recur, causing unpleasant symptoms again and again.
What Kind of Treatment Is Prescribed?
The main thesis that you need to remember – in any case, do not remove the plaque yourself. It will disappear when the mushrooms are in an unviable environment for them. First of all, the treatment is aimed at strengthening the protective function of the body. To do this, prescribing fortifying and immunostimulating drugs. Antifungal therapy is needed – the affected area must be treated as prescribed by doctors. Medicines are available in various variants – rinses, tablets, gels, sprays, creams.
Treatment is done at home, infants may sometimes require inpatient monitoring. In children, many pharmaceutical antifungal drugs can cause a number of side effects, so they are often prescribed local treatment – lubrication of the affected area with sodium tetraborate or alkaline soda solution.