Not many people know that the fungus on the head in men can manifest itself not only in the form of rashes, but also severe itching with swelling and redness. For many years, the disease may be in a latent state, without letting itself be known (and a man may be a carrier of infection). Only a sharp decrease in immunity or a disease of internal organs can provoke its “awakening”. But, in most cases, the fungus on the penis manifests itself within 5-7 days after unprotected sexual contact.
Causes and Predisposing Factors
The most common cause of fungus on the head is a candidal infection, most often sexually transmitted, less commonly through personal hygiene items. In the common people, this ailment is also called the male thrush, as in women, the basis of the disease is the fungus of the genus Candida. There are also many cases in which a man who had unprotected sex with a woman suffering from chronic thrush did not become infected. This once again confirms the theory of the close relationship of candidiasis and body resistance. Related factors can also be considered:
- temperature – 21-37 degrees and pH 5,7-6,4 – favorable conditions for the development of Candida fungi;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- unprotected intercourse;
- operative interventions;
- endocrine diseases;
- sexually transmitted infections;
- hormonal imbalance.
Candidiasis coexists well with sexually transmitted pathogens, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.
Photo of Fungus on the Head in Men
In most cases, the fungus on the head in men is accompanied by vivid symptoms that are difficult not to notice:
- red spots on the head;
- white cheesy plaque;
- peeling of the penis head;
- cracks and wounds;
- skin around;
- red pimples;
All of these symptoms are always burdened by a terrible itch that can drive you crazy. It happens that at the initial stage the head and foreskin itch, and then rashes and redness appear.
There are cases when the disease is asymptomatic or mild. There is also a tendency of even an acute course towards spontaneous regression, which is misleading, suggesting a complete recovery. Such men are very often carriers of the infection and are at risk of encountering chronic, recurrent forms of urogenital candidiasis.
What Will Happen if Not Treated?
We have already noted that very often candidal balanitis occurs against the background of venereal diseases chlamydia and trichomoniasis, the symptoms of which are also localized on the head of the penis and foreskin. Lack of adequate treatment can lead to the development of:
- cysts of the prostate gland;
- urinary tract infections;
- loss of sensation.
The worst consequences that can be caused by ignoring the treatment of the fungus on the head are infertility and gangrene of the penis and foreskin.
Treatment and Prevention
Faster and easiest Candida infections are treated at the initial stage, when the process is not complicated by secondary infections. In the case of the transformation of the disease into a chronic form, the treatment will be long and there are no guarantees that a full recovery will occur, as chronic recurrence is characteristic of chronic candidiasis.
To determine the fungus on the head, it is enough for the dermatovenerologist to examine the clinical picture and take scrapings and smears from the lesions. After a microscopic examination, it will be clear what type of fungus the patient encountered (in 90% of cases, Candida albicans). At the initial stage, ointments for thrush for men for external use are shown. And only in advanced cases, resort to combined methods, combining taking pills and external use of ointments and creams. Most often, these are antifungal drugs whose active substances are aimed at fighting yeast-like fungi:
- Clotrimazole is the most common ointment prescribed by 70% of dermatologists. Effective in the initial stage when used 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks. Applied to the lesions with a thin layer.
- Pimafucin is also a popular ointment in recent years, which is actively advertised, but no less effective. It is shown rubbing ointment or cream up to four times a day for 1-2 weeks.
- Candide is an affordable and effective drug that is very often used as an independent treatment at the initial stage and as an adjunct in advanced cases.
- Pimafucort – used to treat various forms of candidiasis in men and women. The dosage must be discussed with your doctor, as there is a high probability of overdose due to the fact that the drug is well absorbed and penetrates into the deeper layers of the skin.
- Diflucan. The original drug, based on fluconazole, used to treat chronic and advanced forms of candidiasis in men and women. Available in capsules of 150 and 50 mg. In some cases, it is enough to take one pill and use ointment (pimafucort or clotrimazole) for 1-2 weeks for complete recovery.
Once again, we would like to draw your attention to the fact that there is nothing shameful in dealing with your problem to a dermatovenerologist. Fungus on the head of the penis can occur in any man. The only question is: “Is the treatment started in time?”.
For preventive purposes, daily change of linen is recommended (ideally, underwear is boiled and ironed), refusal of sweets and alcohol. At the time of treatment, even protected sexual acts are contraindicated. It is also recommended to regularly wash the head with warm water without soap and other detergents.